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What is Asthma?

Asthma causes the airways to narrow, swell and produce an excessive amount of mucus. These effects can make breathing difficult and may lead to coughing, wheezing and a shortness of breath. Although asthma cannot be cured, its symptoms can be effectively managed.

It’s not known exactly why some people suffer from asthma and others don’t. However, it’s likely due to a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Among people diagnosed with asthma, their symptoms are usually triggered by various irritants and substances. The most common triggers include:

  • Pollen, dust mites, mold spores, pet dander, and smoke
  • Sulfites and preservatives added to food
  • Strenuous exercise and physical activity
  • GERD, a condition that causes stomach acids to flow into the throat
  • Certain medications, including aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen
  • Stress and other strong emotions

Symptoms of Asthma

The symptoms of asthma vary depending on the severity of your condition. Some patients experience symptoms all the time, while others notice they only emerge in certain instances, for example when they are:

  • Exercising, particularly in cold and dry air
  • Working with irritants, chemical fumes, gases and/or dust
  • Exposed to airborne allergens, such as pollen, mold or pet dander

The most common signs of asthma include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Tightness or pain in the chest area
  • Difficulty sleeping due to breathing challenges
  • Coughing and wheezing
Asthma Treatment Miami FL

Treatment options for Asthma

The primary goal of asthma treatment is to prevent attacks before they start. This involves recognizing and avoiding your triggers, tracking your breathing, and taking your asthma medications as prescribed. Depending on the severity of your condition, your SFENTA Miami ear, nose and throat specialist may prescribe:

Long-term asthma control medications. These medications should be taken daily to control your condition and dramatically reduce your chances of experiencing a serious or life-threatening asthma attack.

Quick-relief medications. You will need to have quick-relief medications on hand to rapidly treat symptoms during an asthma attack. Because your long-term asthma control medications should keep attacks at bay, you shouldn’t need to use these medications very often.

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Get your asthma under control with SFENTA. Contact our office today and learn how to breathe easier and prevent asthma attacks with lifestyle modifications, along with safe and effective medication.

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