These types of cancers can be found in the mouth, tongue, cheeks, throat, and other head and neck areas. The symptoms of these cancers are persistent and usually first spotted through lumps in the neck, sores in the mouth or throat, and pain or difficulty swallowing. If you’re experiencing these symptoms, contact SFENTA for an evaluation. If cancer is detected, our skilled providers can recommend treatment options.

Your Head and Neck Cancer Evaluation

To determine a head and neck cancer diagnosis, your Miami ENT will begin by collecting detailed information about your medical history and symptoms. From there, they will perform the following tests:

Physical Examination

During this exam, your doctor will feel for abnormalities in the head and neck area and visually assess the inside of the mouth and throat.

Physical examination


A flexible, lighted tube may be used to examine the areas of your throat that are not easily accessible.


Imaging Tests

In some cases, a CT, MRI, or ultrasound may be required to determine the presence of a tumor, along with its location and extent.

Imaging tests


A biopsy involves removing a small amount of tissue or fluid to look for cancerous cells under a microscope.


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Cancer Treatment with SFENTA

If cancer has been detected, our staff will work with you to develop a treatment plan. For many patients, this will include surgery to remove the tumor and any tissue that has been affected. By removing the tumor, the cancer will no longer continue to spread, and specific symptoms will also be mitigated. Your treatment may also include radiation therapy or other treatment methods.

Types of Head and Neck Cancer

There are many different types of head and neck cancer. The most common ones are:

Oral Cancer

Cancer affecting the mouth is the most common type of head and neck cancer. The main risk factors are smoking, chewing tobacco, and heavy alcohol use. Fortunately, this form of cancer tends to be highly treatable if discovered early. The symptoms include:

  • A white or red patch on the gums, tongue, or mouth
  • Swelling of the jaw
  • Mouth pain
  • Bleeding

Laryngeal Cancer

Cancer that arises in the voice box (larynx) is called “laryngeal cancer”. It’s the second most common form of head and neck cancer and is strongly linked to tobacco use, alcohol use, GERD, HPV infection, and workplace exposure to certain substances such as asbestos and paint fumes. The most common symptoms include:

  • Hoarseness
  • Difficulty swallowing 
  • A lump in the neck
  • Ear pain

Pharyngeal (Throat) Cancer

Alcohol use, tobacco use, a diet low in fruits and vegetables, HPV infection, and GERD are all risk factors for throat cancer. It can be challenging to detect in the early stages, and the most common signs and symptoms are:

  • Voice changes and hoarseness
  • Persistent sore throat
  • Trouble swallowing
  • A lump in the neck
  • Ear pain

Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancers

These are cancers that arise in the mucosal tissues that line the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses. They are common among people exposed to wood and metal dust, air pollution, and other contaminants. Symptoms include:

  • Persistent nasal congestion
  • Chronic sinus infections
  • Frequent headaches
  • Sinus pain
  • A diminished sense of smell

Your Treatment with SFENTA

SFENTA’s highly trained physicians have been caring for patients in the area for over 30 years. We are proud to bring you the best care for ENT conditions in South Florida. Our office provides each patient with:

Patient-Centered Care

Your physician will take the time to understand your symptoms and offer a tailor-made treatment plan that works with your needs and lifestyle.

Continuity of Care

Our staff believes in a comprehensive care approach, which means working together until you have achieved lasting relief.

A Network of Highly Trained Physicians

We’ve created one of the largest networks of ENT providers, ensuring we’re able to care for the full spectrum of ENT specialties and subspecialties.

The Security of a Community Staple

After spending over 30 years in the South Florida community, you can trust you’re in good hands with SFENTA.

Head & Neck Cancer FAQs

What is the cause of head and neck cancer?

The exact causes are unknown. Studies have shown that alcohol consumption and smoking do increase your risk for head and neck cancers.

When should I seek treatment if I’m experiencing symptoms?

Effective treatment for head and neck cancer begins with a swift and definitive diagnosis. If you’re experiencing symptoms of this disease, contact SFENTA today.

With 37 convenient locations across the South Florida area, we’re never far away.

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